Cannabinoid (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) have been to shown to retard bone degeneration, avert diseases, and escalate bone healing. CBD is the non-intoxicating cannabinoid. It is the second most abundant compound in the cannabis plant after THC. CBD has an array of therapeutic benefits, including anti-anxiety, seizure-suppressant, and anti-inflammatory properties. According to research, cannabis can play a substantial role in aiding people suffering from osteoporosis and arthritis pain. Osteoporosis is a disease that happens when your body loses too much bone mass. Consequently, your bones become fragile and may break from small bumps and a fall.

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The endocannabinoid system has been found to play a vital role in the growth and development of bones. Endogenous cannabinoids interact with the immune system to help fight bone diseases.

Evidence

Scientific studies show that cannabinoids can offer protection against injuries, arthritis, and bone diseases. In fact, CBD and THC have the ability to strengthen fractured bones. Further, cannabis has been shown to mitigate symptoms associated with osteoarthritis and osteoporosis.

A study conducted in 2015 demonstrated that the cannabinoid receptors can activate bone formation and empower the tissues joining broken bones. Scientists involved in the study treated rats with broken bones with a combination of THC and CBD or CBD alone and found that CBD treated bones speedily with a strengthened fracture callus. A 2009 study discovered that the CB1 cell receptor is involved in the development process of age-related osteoporosis. The cannabinoid receptor protected against age-related bone loss by stimulating bone formation. Another 2009 study discovered a link between bone density and CB2 receptors in mice. According to the study, CB2 receptors help balance bone metabolism and decrease bone loss associated with aging.

Pain Management

Arthritis is a bone disease characterized by reduced mobility, swelling, and joint pain. Osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease, and rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease, currently lack effective therapies. One of the most common symptoms associated with arthritis is pain. Painkillers prescribed by a medical practitioner may lead to addiction and adverse side effects. However, cannabis-based products can help treat arthritis by effectively decreasing swelling and pain.

Human trials and lab studies indicate that cannabis acts as a  therapeutic agent in treating all types of chronic pain. According to a 2016 study, CBD can help alleviate inflammation and arthritis pain with no side effects when applied topically.

Studies show that the nerves in our body are packed with cannabinoid receptors and peripheral CB1 receptors may help regulate osteoarthritis pain. Research conducted in 2013 found that the CB2 receptor helps control pain responses in osteoarthritis of the knee joint.

Clinical trials conducted by a British company named GW Pharmaceuticals showed that that Sativex, a cannabis-based drug, displayed a significant analgesic effect in treating rheumatoid arthritis-induced pain and markedly suppressing the disease. GW Pharmaceuticals has been granted a patent to use cannabigerol (CBG) to treat osteoporosis. CBG is non-psychoactive and is present in the cannabis plants in small quantities.

Researchers theorize that a CBD-derived synthetic cannabinoid might help treat rheumatoid arthritis.

Additional Information

Unfortunately, according to a recent study, habitual cannabis smokers are more likely to suffer from broken bones and reduced body weight. In the study, about 170 participants used cannabis for recreational purposes, 114 participants smoked cigarettes and did not use cannabis. The subjects who used cannabis heavily reported lower body mass index (BMI) and lower body weight than participants who did not smoke. Unfortunately, potheads suffered fractures more often than people who smoked tobacco. The study also found that heavy cannabis users had reduced bone mineral density and a higher risk of osteoporosis and fractures.